In the year 1907, Dr. Maria Montessori introduced a new method of education for nurturing young children. In her research, she made an observation that every child as an individual has his or her own unique capabilities and pace of learning. Children are keen to explore new things and master new skills. According to her, this individuality must be encouraged and the children should be provided enough space to initiate projects on their own. For such encouragement, children must be provided with right stimulation through sensory and artistic education supplemented with proper ambience. They should have the freedom for exploring things on their own. This, in turn, ensures amazing overall development of each child helping him to achieve his full potential.
Montessori education encompasses these findings to assist children by
providing them education through carefully designed activities.
Participation in such activities allows children to develop their potentials
and capabilities as there are no set boundaries for children to perform.
They are capable of exploring and executing tasks in their own unique way.
Researches all across the globe find that children develop most of the
skills in their first six years. During these years, children learn
spontaneously. Montessori education is imparted through sensory materials so
that children identify the stimuli they encounter. Apart from it, children
are provided with the freedom of choice of materials and freedom of movement
in the classroom.
Montessori education focuses on social development. It remains a prominent
factor. children are allowed to interact naturally and spontaneously with
their peers. This way, the children develop excellent communication skills
through the exchange of ideas and discussions within their group. Children
become more adaptable that helps them to adopt and adapt easily in any
environment. The Montessori programme is self- directed and non-competitive
that helps children developing selfconfidence so they can face new
challenges effectively. Children practise the highest moral ethics like
compassion, kindness, empathy, honesty, love and respect for others etc.
Characteristics of Montessori School